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Shampoo Industry (Part 1) - Standard Specifications for Shampoo

Shampoo Industry (Part 1) - Standard Specifications for Shampoo

Caring for hair and its beauty and maintaining it from loss and damage and the appearance of the crust is one of the most important concerns of many women and men, the beauty of hair has become one of the most important aspects of women.

And before you start talking about ways The shampoo industry and its ingredients need to learn some basic information about the ingredients and types of hair in order to be able to get the best formula to take care of it.


The hair consists of three parts:

  • The virtual section is outside the scalp.
  • The hair is stretched inside the scalp.
  • The hair bulb.

Stages of hair growth:

The average number of hair in the head is about 100,000 hairs and the number of hair spills daily in the normal rate is about 100-150 hairs, although more than that, for medical reasons or special conditions such as pregnancy and childbirth in women.

The hair goes through three stages:

  • Stage 1: The growth phase ranges from 2 to 6 years and varies from person to person.
  • Stage 2: The stage of stillness in which the hair stops growing and ranges from 2-3 months.
  • Stage 3: the stage of hair loss and the start of another hair growth.

Hair veneer:

  • One of the most important problems facing young people is the appearance of the hair cortex, which causes embarrassment during its appearance and fall and causes itching in the head, what is the dandruff and what causes it?
  • Dandruff occurs as a result of the sebaceous secretions secreted by the sebaceous glands in the scalp due to the activity of these glands, and increased activity that may occur in adulthood and adolescence, as a result of hormonal changes leading to the appearance of dandruff and acne.
  • There are some types of foods that may lead to increased fatty secretions such as chocolate and spices, and the owners of oily hair should not scratch the scalp by comb or hand in order not to increase the excitement of these glands and thus the appearance of dandruff and itching of the head.

How can the hair cortex be treated and disposed of?

Especially in abnormal medical conditions.

  • Using medical shampoos against the dandruff that sterilizes the scalp and eliminates existing bacteria.
  • Adhere to a diet for a certain period of time to stay away from foods and beverages that contain high percentages of fatty substances.
  • It can be used some natural mixtures such as the mixture of fenugreek seeds that soak with water for 24 hours and then grind to become like a dough , and rub the hair for half an hour and then wash the hair with shampoo , and repeat this process several times a month.

Shampoo industry:

The shampoo is a combination of several phases: detergent active ingredients - foaming agents - deflated materials - anti-cloudy agents - binders - preservatives - colorants and perfumes

There are many types of shampoos, depending on the quality of hair (dry hair - normal hair - oily hair)

How is the hair type determined to find the right shampoo to use?

Leave the hair for 48 hours without washing, then wipe with a dry cotton piece:

  • If the cotton piece remains the same, the hair is normal 
  • If the cotton piece is contaminated with black dots, the hair is dry
  • If the cotton piece is moistened with oil (fat), the hair is greasy

Specifications required in the shampoo industry:

The cleaning power of the shampoo:

This depends on the quality of the surface-effective substances used in manufacturing, and the measurement of the cleaning capacity of the shampoo depends on its ability to get rid of fat in the hair without causing dryness.

II- Foam stability:

Abundant foam is one of the most important factors required by the shampoo industry although it does not have to do with cleaning capacity, and the foam is measured using the foam column.

III - The acidity of the shampoo (PH)

By standard specification PH shampoo ranges from 5 to 7.5 but the ideal PH for shampoo is 5.5 where the cleaning capacity on fat is high and maintains the hair and gives it a scent And beauty.

Fourth - Impact of water hardness:

The effectiveness of shampoos in different water  should be tested to ensure that it is able to clean even if the consumer is using very hardness water.

Easy rinsing:

High foam is required in shampoos, but this foam should be easy to rinse when bathing, and one of the factors affecting the applicability of the foam is:

1- The harshness of the water, its temperature and the rate of bathing (these factors are uncontrollable because they depend on the consumer)

2- The consistency of the foam.

3- The quality of the hair and its length.


Shampoo should get rid of the fat attached to the hair while maintaining its softness and the lack of tangle in the hair and the difficulty of combing it after bathing.

Snouting and poisoning:

It should take into account the safety of the product on the consumer, such as the non-impact on the eye, and the non-intoxication when swallowed orally, and not to scratching and irritation of the skin, so the evaluation of the safety of shampoo is one of the most important specifications required in its manufacture.

Effectiveness on the hair cortex:

The disposal of the dandruff in the head is an important specification in shampoo so it is important to use effective anti-dandruff materials in manufacturing.

Ninth - formal specifications (consumer-friendly):

1- Smell:

One of the most important product ratings in the consumer is the fragrance, and the smell is evaluated in four stages:

  • During the smell of the package directly.
  • Smell the perfume in the shower.
  • The duration of his stay on the hair after bathing.
  • The stability of the fragrance during storage in the package.

2- Color:

The bright colors of the shampoo are a favorite of the user, such as pink or blue . Heavenly..... Etc., you should choose a good pigment and not affect the hair color.

3- Texture and viscosity:

The viscosity required in shampoo ranges from medium to creamy form, as the consumer prefers viscous shampoo to use the least amount of shampoo, taking into account the difficulty of spreading it to the hair.

Classification of substances in the shampoo industry

The substances involved in the manufacture of 100kg of shampoo for all hair types with mixing method and video detailing the modus operandi.

To continue reading part two click here

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